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What is Organic Farming

The word "organic" in agriculture refers to the way farmers grow and process their products, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products and meat. Organic farming needs to meet strict criteria and practices before being awarded the status of "organic"  and have to achieve the following goals:
  • Enhance soil and water quality
  • Reduce pollution
  • Provide safe, healthy livestock habitats
  • Enable natural livestock behaviour
  • Promote a self-sustaining cycle of resources on a farm
Organic crop farming materials or practices may include:
  • Plant waste left on fields (green manure), livestock manure or compost to improve soil quality
  • Plant rotation to preserve soil quality and to interrupt cycles of pests or disease
  • Cover crops that prevent erosion when parcels of land are not in use and to plough into soil for improving soil quality
  • Mulch to control weeds
  • Predatory insects or insect traps to control pests
 

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